Sleep Disorders Information

Below is a list of over seventy sleep disorders. A brief layperson description is included with some of the more common disorders listed. This information is intended to be an educational resource but is not intended diagnose or treat without the assistance of your healthcare provider. If you think you may be experiencing problems related to a sleep disorder, talk with you provider, or contact us to schedule an appointment with a Sleep Specialist.

Sleep Apnea and Sleep Disordered Breathing Disorders

  1. Sleep Apnea, a very common sleep disorder where an individual stops breathing during their sleep. Please see our sleep apnea and OSA treatment options pages for more detailed information.
  2. Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome, presence of hypoventilation during wake hours, presence of obesity, hypoventilation worsens during sleep as proven by a sleep study.
  3. Congenital Central Alveolar Hypoventilation Syndrome
  4. Late-Onset Central Hypoventilation with Hypothalamic Dysfunction
  5. Congenital Central Alveolar Hypoventilation Syndrome
  6. Idiopathic Central Alveolar Hypoventilation
  7. Sleep Related Hypoventilation Due to a Medical Disorder
  8. Congenital Central Alveolar Hypoventilation Syndrome
  9. Snoring, audible vibration of airway tissue during sleep.
  10. Catathrenia; moaning during sleep.

Insomnia (difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep)

  1. Chronic Insomnia Disorder, complaints associated with insomnia three days per week for three or more months.
  2. Short-Term Insomnia Disorder, complaints associated with insomnia for less than three months.
  3. Other Insomnia Disorder, does not meet criteria for Chronic or Short-term Insomnia.
  4. Excessive Time in Bed, allotting more time in bed for sleep purposes than what is necessary for the individual.
  5. Short Sleeper, when an individual sleeps less than six hours per day and has no sleep or wake complaints.

Central Disorders of Hypersomnolence [click for more]

  1. Narcolepsy Type 1; excessive daytime sleepiness with cataplexy.
  2. Narcolepsy Type 2; excessive daytime sleepiness without cataplexy.
  3. Idiopathic Hypersomnia, excessive daytime sleepiness without a known cause.
  4. Kleine-Levin Syndrome
  5. Hypersomnia Due to a Medical Disorder, excessive sleepiness for three months or more with the symptoms not being better explained by another sleep disorder, mental disorder, or side effect of medication or substance.
  6. Hypersomnia Due to a Medication or Substance, excessive sleepiness while taking certain medications or substances.
  7. Hypersomnia Associated with a Psychiatric Disorder
  8. Insufficient Sleep Syndrome, behaviorally induced insufficient sleep for three months or longer.
  9. Long Sleeper, persistently sleeping more in a 24-hour period that what is common for the age group and reports concerns about daytime sleepiness when they have to reduce their sleep time.

Circadian Rhythm Sleep-Wake Disorders

  1. Delayed Sleep-Wake Phase Disorder, delay in one's bedtime later than what is common, for three months or more.
  2. Advanced Sleep-Wake Phase Disorder, individual with an earlier bedtime than what is common, for three months or more.
  3. Irregular Sleep-Wake Rhythm Disorder
  4. Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake Rhythm Disorder
  5. Shift Work Disorder, excessive sleepiness associated with recurring work schedule that overlaps with sleep schedules for three months or more.
  6. Jet Lag Disorder, excessive sleepiness associated with transmeridian travel across at least two time zones.
  7. Circadian Sleep-Wake Disorder Not Otherwise Specified

Parasomnias [more]

  1. NREM; Disorders of Arousal
  2. NREM; Confusional Arousals, episodes of waking from sleep and exhibiting confusion or confused behavior.
  3. NREM; Sleepwalking, walking and other complex motor behaviors after an arousal from sleep, while unaware of the behavior.
  4. NREM; Sleep Terrors, arousal from sleep, associated with abrupt terror, often with alarming vocalizations/screaming.
  5. NREM; Sleep Related Eating Disorder, consumption of foods, inedible, or toxic substances after an arousal from sleep, while unaware of the eating episode.
  6. REM related; REM Sleep Behavior Disorder, repeated episodes of vocalization and or complex motor behaviors during REM sleep.
  7. REM related; Recurrent Isolated Sleep Paralysis, recurrent inability to move the abdominal area and all the limbs at sleep onset or upon awakening from sleep, which each episode lasting up to a few minutes.
  8. REM related; Nightmare Disorder, repeated occurrences of vivid dreams with perceived threats to security or survival.
  9. Exploding Head Syndrome, complaint of sudden perceived loud noise occurring in one's own head at the wake-sleep transition.
  10. Sleep Related Hallucinations, complaint of recurrent hallucinations experienced just prior to sleep or upon awakening.
  11. Sleep Enuresis, recurrent involuntary voiding during sleep. Bedwetting.
  12. Parasomnia Due to a Medical Condition
  13. Parasomnia Due to a Medication or Substance
  14. Parasomnia, Unspecified
  15. Sleep Talking, vocalizations during sleep.

Sleep Related Movement Disorders

  1. Restless Legs Syndrome, urge to move the legs, often associated with an uncomfortable or unpleasant feeling in the legs.
  2. Periodic Limb Movement Syndrome, frequent involuntary movement of the limbs during sleep.
  3. Sleep Related Leg Cramps
  4. Sleep Related Bruxism, regular or frequent teeth grinding during sleep.
  5. Sleep related Rhythmic Movement Disorder, repetitive rhythmic motor behaviors during sleep. Body rocking and head rolling.
  6. Propriospinal Myoclonus at Sleep Onset
  7. Sleep Related Movement Disorder Due to a Medical Disorder
  8. Sleep Related Movement Disorder Due to a Medication or Substance
  9. Sleep Related Movement Disorder, Unspecified
  10. Excessive Fragmentary Myoclonus
  11. Hypnagogic Foot Tremor and Alternating Leg Muscle Activation
  12. Sleep Starts (Hypnic Jerks), sudden, brief, body movements at sleep onset.
  13. Parasomnia Due to a Medication or Substance

Other Sleep Disorders

  1. Other Sleep Disorder, when a sleep disorder does not fit within a known sleep disorder classification, it may be categorized as "Other Sleep Disorder, Unspecified".
  2. Inadequate Sleep Hygiene, disruption to sleep due to factors like temperature, light, or sound during sleep. Download our Sleep Hygiene Guidance PDF for some useful sleep hygiene recommendations.

Sleep Related Medical Disorders

  1. Fatal Familial Insomnia, insomnia that can lead to death.
  2. Sleep Related Epilepsy, seizure activity during sleep.
  3. Sleep Related Headaches
  4. Sleep Related Laryngospasm, tracheal muscle dysfunction or paratracheal soft tissue swelling that causes audible sounds with associated sleep disruption.
  5. Sleep Related Gastroesophageal Reflux, GERD that occurs during sleep.
  6. Sleep Related Myocardial Ischemia

If you think you may be suffering from a sleep disorder, contact Red River Sleep Center at (318) 443-1684 to request an evaluation with a Sleep Specialist, or talk to your doctor about your symptoms and ask about a referral to Red River Sleep Center for a screening assessment.